Bucking horse and rider

Wyoming Department of Workforce Services

Research & Planning
246 S. Center St.
PO Box 2760
Casper, WY 82602
(307) 473-3807

Email link

"Labor Market Information (LMI) is an applied science; it is the systematic collection and analysis of data which describes and predicts the relationship between labor demand and supply." The States' Labor Market Information Review, ICESA, 1995, p. 7.

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The Federal Government reserves a paid-up, nonexclusive and irrevocable license to reproduce, publish or otherwise use, and to authorize others to use for federal purposes: i) the copyright in all products developed under the grant, including a subgrant or contract under the grant or subgrant; and ii) any rights of copyright to which the recipient, subrecipient or a contractor purchases ownership under an award (including but not limited to curricula, training models, technical assistance products, and any related materials). Such uses include, but are not limited to, the right to modify and distribute such products worldwide by any means, electronically or otherwise. Federal funds may not be used to pay any royalty or license fee for use of a copyrighted work, or the cost of acquiring by purchase a copyright in a work, where the Department has a license or rights of free use in such work, although they may be used to pay costs for obtaining a copy which is limited to the developer/seller costs of copying and shipping. If revenues are generated through selling products developed with grant funds, including intellectual property, these revenues are program income. Program income must be used in accordance with the provisions of this grant award and 2 CFR 200.307.



Monthly Publication

Wyoming Labor Force Trends


Wyoming Benefits Survey 2018

The Research & Planning (R&P) section of the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services conducts the Wyoming Benefits Survey on a quarterly basis. This survey is designed to collect information about the types of benefits Wyoming employers offer their employees.

This publication examines the prevalence of employer-provided benefits such as medical insurance, retirement plans, and paid leave in Wyoming during third quarter 2018. These benefits are analyzed in several ways: by full- and part-time employment status, employer size class, industry, and by Wyoming substate region.


Published March 2020.

PDF (2.8 MB)


Licensed Occupations

Directory of Licensed Occupations in Wyoming 2019

The Directory of Licensed Occupations in Wyoming 2019, compiled by the Research & Planning (R&P) section of the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services, provides detailed information about license requirements and related information for the 97 occupations required to have a license by the state of Wyoming. Forty-five licensing boards oversee the administration and enforcement of these licenses.

Requiring practitioners of some occupations to be licensed results in the assurance that these workers have a minimum level of education and competency, and also generally results in higher wages for workers in those occupations compared to those in many unlicensed occupations.

Published September 2019.

PDF (1.4 MB)

Annual Report

2019 Wyoming Workforce Annual Report

Annual report cover

Published June 2019. PDF, 72 pages.

  • Construction Sector Adds Jobs for the First Time in 3 Years
  • Wyoming Population Decline Continues in 2018
  • Labor Force, Unemployment Rate Continue to Decrease
  • UI Recipients, Benefit Expenses Reach a Decade Low
  • Increase in Nonresidents Working in Wyoming in 2018
  • Mining Leads Projected Job Growth for 2018-2020
  • Hiring Activity Spikes in Construction in 2018Q3
  • R&P Publishes New Interstate and Intercounty Commuting Data
  • Wyoming Employers Add Nearly 90,000 New Hires in 2017
  • Fewer Jobs Offered Access to Benefits
  • Wyoming Occupational Fatalities Decrease to 20 in 2017
  • Wyoming’s Nonfatal Occupational Injury and Illness Incidence Rate Essentially Unchanged in 2017
  • Workers' Comp Claims Continue Downward Trend in 2018
  • R&P Publishes New Study on Wyoming’s Gender Wage Gap
  • CNAs Have Higher Earnings, Employment in Wyoming
  • Economic Impacts of Adding Jobs to Selected Industries
  • Just the Facts

Gender Wage Gap

A Study of the Disparity in Wages Between Men and Women in Wyoming: Update 2018

In 2017, the Wyoming joint labor, health, and social services interim and the joint minerals, business, and economic development interim committees requested the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services complete a study on the state’s gender wage gap (House Bill 0209). This report is an update to a similar report published in 2003.

Report: Update 2018 (PDF)

Appendix Materials (PDF)

Presentation: PowerPoint | PDF

House Bill 0209, 2017 (PDF)

2003 Report

Published October 5, 2018. Revised December 3, 2018.

Annual Report

2018 Wyoming Workforce Annual Report

Produced by the Research & Planning (R&P) section of the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services in partnership with the Wyoming Workforce Development Council, this report provides an overview of Wyoming’s economy and workforce.

Published June 2018.



Wyoming Benefits Survey 2016

Wyoming Benefits Survey 2016 (PDF, 3.2 MB)

Published February 2018.

Health care

Health Care Workforce Needs in Wyoming: Update 2017 (PDF)

This publication examines demand and supply issues for the health care industry in Wyoming. It represents an update to the publication Health Care Workforce Needs in Wyoming: Advancing the Study, published in the fall of 2011.

Table of Contents (HTML)

  • Chapter Highlights and Key Findings
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 2: Analysis of Wyoming’s Demographics and the Health Care Workforce
  • Chapter 3: The Impact of Wyoming Postsecondary Graduates on Supply and Demand of Wyoming’s Health Care Workforce
  • Chapter 4: The Education and Career Pathways of Certified Nursing Assistants
  • Chapter 5: Analysis of Licensed Health Care Occupations
  • Chapter 6: State and Local Health Care Shortages
  • Chapter 7: Wyoming Workers’ Compensation Incidence Rates by Industry and Licensed Occupations
Updated June 13, 2017.


Manufacturing Workforce in Wyoming

Economically Needed Diversity Options for Wyoming (ENDOW)

This report from the Research & Planning (R&P) section of the Wyoming Department of Workforce Services addresses the question raised in state legislation enacted in spring 2017 regarding economic diversification. It addresses existing workforce strengths and deficiencies as they apply to manufacturing in Wyoming. This report also creates an inventory of those conditions.

Published May 2017.


WIOA State Plan for the State of Wyoming


Under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), the Governor of each State must submit a Unified or Combined State Plan to the U.S. Secretary of Labor that outlines a four-year workforce development strategy for the State’s workforce development system. The publicly-funded workforce system is a national network of Federal, State, regional, and local agencies and organizations that provide a range of employment, education, training, and related services and supports to help all jobseekers secure good jobs while providing businesses with the skilled workers they need to compete in the global economy. States must have approved Unified or Combined State Plans in place to receive funding for core programs. WIOA reforms planning requirements, previously governed by the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), to foster better alignment of Federal investments in job training, to integrate service delivery across programs and improve efficiency in service delivery, and to ensure that the workforce system is job-driven and matches employers with skilled individuals. One of WIOA’s principal areas of reform is to require States to plan across core programs and include this planning process in the Unified or Combined State Plans. This reform promotes a shared understanding of the workforce needs within each State and fosters development of more comprehensive and integrated approaches, such as career pathways and sector strategies, for addressing the needs of businesses and workers. Successful implementation of many of these approaches called for within WIOA requires robust relationships across programs. WIOA requires States and local areas to enhance coordination and partnerships with local entities and supportive service agencies for strengthened service delivery, including through Unified or Combined State Plans.



Wyoming Benefits Survey 2015

Wyoming Benefits Survey 2015 (PDF, 2.7 MB)

Published October 2016.

New: Education WE Connect

Wyoming’s Hathaway Scholarship Program: A Workforce Outcomes Evaluation of a State Merit-Based Scholarship Initiative Using Administrative Records

This report is part of a larger effort to understand the impact of postsecondary education on workforce participation and career success.

Topics covered in this publication include:

    • The importance of age, gender, and seasonal opportunities in local markets
    • The range of career and family formation choices made in the years shortly after high school
    • How gender is associated with fields of academic pursuit and labor market outcomes
    • How different postsecondary financing strategies influence outcomes, including wages and retention
    • The utility value of hours worked in relation to outcome measures in Wyoming

Published July 2016.

    Presentation: Wyoming’s Hathaway Scholarship Program and Workforce Outcomes

  • PowerPoint (10.0MB)
  • PDF (5.3MB)

Workforce Planning Report 2016

April 2016 Wyoming Labor Force Trends

  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Economic Analysis
  • Chapter 2: Global Demand for Oil, Gas, and Coal
  • Chapter 3: What Does Wyoming’s Unemployment Rate Really Mean?
  • Chapter 4: Initial Unemployment Insurance Claims Increase 22.9% in 2015
  • Chapter 5: Wyoming Employment Growth Lags Behind Surrounding States
  • Chapter 6: Wyoming Employment and Sector Analyses

Occasional Paper No. 8


The Education and Work Experience of Youth in Wyoming’s Counties

Published February 2016.

NEW: WE Connect

WE Connect: Employment, Earnings, and Postsecondary Enrollment of Wyoming High School Students

  • Part 1: Wyoming High School Students’ Earnings and Postsecondary Enrollment (PDF) (HTML)
  • Part 2: Opportunity Cost of Pursuing a Postsecondary Education in Wyoming (PDF) (HTML)
  • Part 3: Graduation and Work Experience for Students with Special Needs (PDF) (HTML)
  • Part 4: Turnover Rate and Labor Market Outcomes for Wyoming High School Students (PDF) (HTML)
  • Part 5: Wyoming High School Students’ Postsecondary Enrollment and Awards (PDF) (HTML)

Administrative Records Sharing

National Association of State Workforce Agencies (NASWA)

Labor Market Information Committee, Data Sharing Sub-Committee

Annual Report 2015

Wyoming Workforce Annual Report

annual report 2015 cover

PDF (3.6 MB)

Published May 2015.

1. Youth Employment in Wyoming Continues to Decline in 2014 9. Truck Drivers, Construction Laborers Top-Paid Among Occupations with the Most New Hires in Wyoming
2. Quarterly Census of Employment & Wages: Wyoming Job Growth Improves in 2014 10. Gender Wage Gap: Compared to Males, Females Earned 59% in 2014
3. Current Employment in Wyoming by Industry Shows Continued Growth in 2014 11. Benefits: Access to Medical Insurance, Retirement Plans Declines in 2014
4. Short-Term Industry Projections: Construction, Educational & Health Services Lead Projected Job Growth 12. Planning vs. Performance: Why Outcome Wages May Fall Short of Accountability Measures
5. Top Five Occupational Projections by Typical Educational Requirement 13. Wyoming New Business Formation in 2012 and 2013
6. Wyoming Unemployment Rate Falls to 4.3% in 2014 14. Workers’ Compensation Claims Continue Downward Trend
7. Construction Labor Shortages in Wyoming and the Nation 15. Wyoming Occupational Fatalities Decrease to 26 in 2013
8. Unemployment Insurance Statistics Show State Continued Growth in 2014 16. Just the Facts

Publication 1


Workforce Data Quality Initiative Report No. 1 for Wyoming: School Attendance and Employment, 2006 to 2013

Published April 2015.

Employee Benefits


Wyoming Benefits Survey 2013

Published February 2015. (PDF, 1.6MB)

Labor Shortages

Construction Labor Shortages in Wyoming and the Nation

Construction Labor Shortages in Wyoming and the Nation

Published December 2014.

2014 Annual Report

Wyoming Workforce Annual Report 2014

nurses_returning_to_school_cover (13K)

Published June 2014, and Presented at the 2014 Wyoming Safety and Workforce Summit on June 25-26 in Cheyenne, WY.

1. Succession Planning in Wyoming and Opportunities for Wyoming’s Youth 9. New Hires in Wyoming by Educational Level
2. Quarterly Census of Employment & Wages – Wyoming Job Growth Lags Behind Surrounding States 10. Jobs with Access to Benefits in Wyoming
3. Short-Term Industry Projections: Job Growth Forecast for Most Sectors 11. Unemployment Insurance Benefits Show Recovery from Recession Slowed in 2013
4. Top Five Occupational Projections by Typical Educational Requirement 12. Nonresident Employment Nears Historic Levels
5. Current Employment in Wyoming by Industry Shows Slow Growth in 2013 13. Workers’ Compensation Claims Continue Downward Trend in Wyoming
6. Unemployment Rates Show Improvement in 2013 14. Unemployment Insurance Benefit Recipients by Gender & Age, 2009-2013
7. Occupational Fatalities in Wyoming Increase Slightly in 2012 15. Just the Facts
8. Vocational Rehabilitation: What Industries Employ Recent Program Participants? Success Stories

Employee Benefits


Wyoming Benefits Survey 2012

Published March 2013.


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Nurses Returning to School: Motivation and Job Satisfaction as a Buffer between Perceived Employer Discouragement and Time Constraints

Published June 2014. See related news release (June 11, 2014)

Licensed Occupations


A Guide to Licensed Occupations in Wyoming, Spring 2014


In Wyoming, 98 occupations require licenses, certificates, or other registration. This publication includes detailed information on each of these occupations, such as wages, job descriptions, requirements, schools located in Wyoming, licensing fees, and more.


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Occasional Paper No. 7: Teacher Salaries in Wyoming

Published April 2014.

2013 Teacher Cost Pressures

Executive Summary


Current Status of Cost Pressures on Teacher Salaries in Wyoming


Published October 2013.

  • PDF



    Monitoring School District Human Resource Cost Pressures Fall 2013


    Published October 2013.

    • PDF
    • Appendix A: Teacher Supply in Wyoming: The Professional Teaching Standards Board and School District Recruitment Needs
    • Appendix B: School District Exit: Teacher Wage Progression and Assignment Status by Age and Gender

    Industry Occupational Projections

    Occupational Projections 2012 to 2022

    occupational projections 2012 to 2022

    Published July 2013.

    • Short-Term Projections 2012-2014
    • Long-Term Projections 2012-2022
    • Occupational Projections by Industry
    • Occupational Projections by Sub-State Region
    • Available in PDF or Excel files.


    The Cornerstone: Building an American Public Policy for Educational Attainment and Success in the Labor Market

    Published June 2013.

    • Educational Attainment in the United States: A Brief History
    • Rising Enrollments and the Labor Market
    • Function of a Four-Year Degree Today: How Meaningful is the Signifier?
    • College Tuition vs. Future Earnings for Graduates
    • Community Colleges and Credentialing: Closing the Skills Gap?
    • Globalization and Higher Education

    Affordable Care Act

    Potential Impacts of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on Employer-Provided Benefits in Wyoming

    Using data from the Wyoming Benefits Survey and other state and federal data, in addition to previous research related to health care mandates in other states, this publication explores the PPACA's possible effects on employment in the state.

    (The content of this publication appeared as an article in the September 2012 issue of Wyoming Labor Force Trends).

    Teacher Salaries

    Monitoring School District Human Resource Cost Pressures A Report to the Wyoming Joint Education Committee, Fall 2012


    October 2012.

    Wage Records Research


    A Decade Later: Tracking Wyoming's Youth into the Labor Force

    Published March 2012.

    Wyoming Benefits Survey

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    Wyoming Benefits Survey 2011

    Published February 2012.

    Occasional No. 6

    Occasional Paper No. 6

    Health Care Workforce Needs in Wyoming: Advancing the Study


    PDF Appendices

    Published January 2012


    • Chapter 1. Introduction
    • Chapter 2. Demographics and Health Care
    • Chapter 3. State and Local Health Care Shortages
    • Chapter 4. Projected Demand and Health Care Shortages
    • Chapter 5. Commuting Impacts on Health Care
    • Appendix A. Licensed Professional Data
    • Appendix B. Additional Tables and Charts

    Occasional Paper No. 5

    ARRA Labor Market Dynamics:

    An Overview of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 as it Pertains to the Wyoming Department of Employment Research & Planning Section and the Rocky Mountain and Northern Plains Consortium

    • Introduction: Definition and Purpose of Labor Market Information and ARRA Grant of 2009
    • Chapter 1. Definition(s) of "Green" Jobs
    • Chapter 2. A Review of Alternative Energy and Environmental Enhancement Technologies
    • Chapter 3. State Level Legislation Regarding Energy Efficient Technologies
    • Chapter 4. Legislation and Regulatory Landscape Regarding Energy Efficient Technologies
    • Chapter 5. Results of the Baseline Survey
    • Chapter 6. A Summary of the New Hires Survey
    • Chapter 7. Text Mining Analysis of the New Hires Survey
    • Chapter 8. Wyoming IMPLAN Analysis of ARRA Spending
    • Appendix A: Baseline Survey Cover Letter and Survey Instrument
    • Appendix B: Brochure
    • Appendix C: Survey Instrument
    • Appendix D: Wyoming Community Colleges and University of Wyoming Environmental Programs of Study Offered

    Energy Efficiency


    A Change in Course: Jobs in the Regulatory Environment


    The regulatory environment is ubiquitous in energy efficiency. In fact, all energy efficiency innovations need to be evaluated for their potential environmental impact and a determination made as to whether or not they will need to be regulated. Few realize that even those technologies with the most benevolent appearance may have side effects needing regulatory attention.



    Wyoming Benefits Survey 2010

    PDF (Pub. March 2011)


    Wyoming Career Explorer 2011


    Published March 2011

    PDF (3.6MB)


    • Chart a Smart Start
    • Careers in Wind Energy
    • Who's Hiring in Wyoming?
    • Tapping Into New Sources
    • Peering Into the Future
    • Networking
    • Set Your Sights High
    • Do You Know Your Rights?
    • Wyoming Labor Laws and You
    • Ace Your Interview
    • Easy Answers to Tough Questions
    • Interview Do's & Don'ts
    • Strategies to Gain Experience
    • Energy Project Manager
    • Career Menu
    • New Technology Means New Skills
    • A Teachable Moment
    • To College or Not to College?
    • More Options
    • Picture-Perfect Résumés
    • Reverse Chronological Résumé
    • Functional Résumé
    • Electronic Résumé



    Short-Term Statewide Employment Projections 2010-2011

    PDF (Pub. August 2010)

    Occupational Employment Statistics


    Wyoming Wage Survey 2010

    PDF (763KB)

    Published June 2010. Wage-updating factors for March 2010 applied to data in these estimates.

    See note about wage updating used to calculate estimates in this publication.

    Annual Report


    Wyoming Workforce Annual Report 2010

    Published May 2010.

    Occupational Employment Statistics


    Wyoming Wage Survey 2009

    Published April 2010.

    See note about wage updating used to calculate estimates in this publication.



    Public Health Nursing: Succession Planning and Satisfaction Measures in Public Health

    Published August 2009.


    benefits09_cover (13K)

    Wyoming Benefits Survey 2009

    Published June 2009.

    Annual Report

    annReport09 (13K)

    Wyoming Workforce Annual Report 2009

    Published April 2009.


    A Closer Look at Occupational Projections for Wyoming, 2006-2016

    A Closer Look at Occupational Projections for Wyoming, 2006-2016 PDF HTML


    Published February 2009; 28 pages (PDF).

    Succession Planning

    Succession Planning Report

    SP_2008 PDF HTML


    Published December 2008; 182 pages (pdf).


    Wyoming Benefits Survey 2008


    November 2008


    The NEW Report: Nurse Employment in Wyoming (NEW), SECOND Quarter 2006 Through SECOND Quarter 2008

    Nurses in Wyoming: Demand, Retention, & Supply

    A three-part study for the Wyoming Health Care Commission:

    demand08  retention  vacancies

    Part I

    Nurses in Demand: A Statement of the Problem

    Part II

    Retention of Nurses in Wyoming

    Part III

    Vacancies and Recruitment and Retention Strategies in Health Care



    2008 Projections for Industries & Occupations in Wyoming, 2004-2014 Data

    May 2008 (Unabridged Online Publication)

    Earlier Publications

    Note on Wage Updating

    The OES Wage Survey estimates in the Wyoming Wage Survey publications were calculated using three or more previous years of data; this estimation technique reduces sampling error, particularly for small geographic areas and less common occupations.

    However, this technique also requires the adjustment of prior data to the current reference period. This procedure is referred to as "wage updating." Estimates from the BLS Federal/State Cooperative OES program are produced for the most recent survey reference period that includes the 12th of the month.

    For wage updating purposes, the BLS uses the national wage changes for the nine occupational divisions for which Employment Cost Index (ECI) estimates are available. This procedure assumes that each occupation's wage, as measured in each year, moves according to the average movement of its occupational division and that there are no major geographic or detailed occupational differences. In the BLS estimates, ECI factors were applied to the prior panels.

    R&P has used wage updating factors for later time periods to further update the data from all three survey years to a more current time period, subsequent to the most recent OES Survey reference period. As a result, wage-updating factors have been applied to all of the data included in the estimates in the Wyoming Wage Survey publications.

    The updated data contained in these reports are not official BLS data series, nor have they been validated by the BLS.